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Kurinchi Blogger Scribbles … » 2014 » January

2014 January

How to find the collation and character set of MySQL tables?

To find the collation of tables within MySQL database, you can use one of the commands listed below

mysql> show table status from exampledb;

mysql> SELECT TABLE_CATALOG, TABLE_SCHEMA, TABLE_NAME, COLUMN_NAME, COLLATION_NAME FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS where TABLE_SCHEMA=’exampledb’;

 

To find the character set used in a MySQL table

mysql> SELECT tbl.table_name, CCSA.character_set_name FROM information_schema.`TABLES` tbl, information_schema.COLLATION_CHARACTER_SET_APPLICABILITY CCSA WHERE CCSA.collation_name = tbl.table_collation AND tbl.table_schema = “schemaname”;

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How to find the MySQL collation and character set?

To find the collation of a database

mysql> SELECT DEFAULT_COLLATION_NAME FROM information_schema.SCHEMATA WHERE SCHEMA_NAME = ‘exampledb’ LIMIT 1;

+————————+
| DEFAULT_COLLATION_NAME |
+————————+
| utf8_general_ci |
+————————+

 

To find the characterset of a MySQL database

mysql> SELECT default_character_set_name FROM information_schema.SCHEMATA S WHERE schema_name = “exampledb”;

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Sudo, Visudo -bash: visudo: command not found

Visudo is needed to make modifications to the sudoers file. In a fresh install of CentOS “sudoers” file is not normally found. To install visudo issue the command

$ yum -y install sudo

As a sys admin, you need to be careful when performing tasks with root privileges. To be cautious, you can create a new user and assign him with root privileges using “visudo”

$ /usr/sbin/visudo

# User privilege specification
root ALL=(ALL) ALL
test ALL=(ALL) ALL

In the above file, test is a new user created with root privileges. In order for the “test” user to have root privileges, command “sudo” should be used. It prevents the user from issuing any commands that can cause system wide havoc and it also logs the command inside “/var/log/secure” for review

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PostgreSQL: Create database, connect and list (command line)

Changing host configuration
$ vi /var/lib/pgsql/8.4/data/pg_hba.conf

Add postgresql to startup process
$ chkconfig postgresql-8.4 on

Start postgresql service
$ service postgresql-8.4 start

Access postgresql
$ su – postgresql
$ psql

Create database
postgres-# create database test

List databases
postgres-# \list

Exit postgresql
postgres-# \q (or \quit)

Connect to database
postgres-# \c test (\connect test)

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